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2018年8月生物质能课题组报告会
2018年8月生物质能课题组报告会
作者:郑展耀 浏览次数:263 日期:2018-09-12 19:44:43
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会议地点:呈贡校区云南师范大学能源与环境科学学院三楼318会议室
会议时间:2018年7月21日(星期六)  全天9:00至17:30
参会人员:生物质能课题组老师、硕士、博士研究生及老挝留学生
上午 主持人:张旭
一、燃料乙醇生命周期净能量分析汇报
报告人:黄正恒硕士研究生
报告主要从燃料乙醇生命周期的简介、生命周期净能量的分析、模型的动态分析以及未来的发展趋势5个方面进行了报告。讨论中,杨斌博士提出:要对国家政策的要点进行补充;刘建峰博士提出:每种原料制成的燃料乙醇生命周期是不同的,因此需要讨论每种原料的特性;张无敌研究员提出:①燃料乙醇与乙醇的区别。②提出燃料乙醇生命周期主要解决的目的是什么、最终得出了什么结论。
二、满天星和康乃馨秸秆产沼气潜力实验研究
报告人:周双双硕士研究生
报告从实验的研究背景、材料与方法、结论以及下一步实验发展方向4个方面对做了报告。讨论中,杨斌博士提出:要对实际工程中的参数进行研究;王昌梅博士提出:要注意图标的格式;张无敌研究员指出:①注意作报告的方式。②要对实验目的进行综述。③对数据分析要明确以及深度思考。④要有清晰的结论。
三、关于蒙自石榴大数据中心建设构想
报告人:丁鹏力硕士研究生
报告主要从蒙自石榴的基本情况、构建大数据中心的总体思路、工作措施3个方面对蒙自石榴大数据中心建设的构想进行了详细的报告。讨论中去,王昌梅博士提出:蒙自与陕西省构建大数据的区别。尹芳副教授提出:作此报告与毕业论文的关联;赵兴玲博士提出:报告太空泛,没有实际的数据;柳静博士提出:与其它大数据中心的构建相比较,要有自己的东西,最后进一步实际化。张无敌研究员指出:①要注意讲报告的方式。②要重点围绕大数据来讲。

四、非离子表面活性剂促进木质纤维素原料发酵产乙醇的研究
报告人:柳静博士
报告主要从研究的意义、国内对纤维素研究的现状、研究的技术路线及实验现状3个方面进行了详细的报告。讨论中,王昌梅博士提出:纤维素水解率的问题;吴凯博士提出:要对非离子表面活性剂与离子表面活性剂进行对比;尹芳副教授提出:要对纤维素酶与非离子表面活性剂的反应机理进行探究;张无敌研究员提出:①对文献引用要标识年份;②对木质素的水解产物进行探究;③阐明表面活性剂在体系中的性质及作用;④对拟开展的研究工作需进行深层次的探讨。

下午 主持人:贺密密
五、基于漾濞县生物质热风炉核桃烘烤的推广研究
报告人:孙洁琼硕士研究生
报告主要从绪论、核桃的烘烤流程、5LQH-1烤炉简介、不同烘烤方式的对比分析、对5LQH-1烤炉的可行性分析以及推广方案6个方面进行了详细的报告。讨论中,杨斌博士提出:报告与题目不符,文字太多;王昌梅博士提出:报告中未提及生物质能基本研究现状;柳静博士提出:报告中要添加5LQH-1烤炉的结构示意图;刘建峰博士提出:要对新型烤炉的设备、品质进行研究。张无敌研究员指出:要对文章进行梳理,突出论文的重点。
六、新鲜香樟树叶产沼气实验研究
美化博士研究生

报告主要从实验的背景、材料与方法、结论3个方面对新鲜香樟树叶产沼气实验做了详细的报告。讨论中,张无敌研究员指出沼气发酵过程中甲烷含量过低,以及在以后的实验探究中探讨此现象是否是因为樟脑的影响。
七、兽用抗生素对厌氧消化的影响
卫旻硕士研究生

报告主要从实验方案、实验结果、分析与讨论3个方面对兽用抗生素对厌氧消化的影响做了详细的阐述。讨论中,蒋金和博士提出:实验中的实验数据波动太大;张无敌研究员指出:实验设计数据之间跨度太大,需要进一步的做细化实验。

主持人:郑盼
七、干发酵及厌氧发酵碳素氮素变化研究
张振硕士研究生

报告主要从研究背景、干发酵特性及应用情况、厌氧消化过程中氮素、碳素的影响3个方面进行了阐述。讨论中,刘健峰博士指出:为什么干发酵中的碳素、氮素比湿发酵中流失的少;尹芳副教授指出:题目太广泛,未能突出重点;张无敌研究员指出:①为什么干发酵工艺中卧式要比竖式的容积大。②C交易与题目不符。③“沼渣堆肥”一词有歧义,概念模糊。

八、两相厌氧消化产氢产甲烷研究进展
蒋金和博士研究生
报告主要从两相厌氧消化产氢产甲烷的原理、背景、影响因素以及厌氧消化过程中微生物群和动态模型4个方面进行了详细的阐述。讨论中,张无敌研究员指出:①产甲烷菌可能更适合高温发酵。②把产酸相和产甲烷相分开可能对发酵体制有影响。③需要对厌氧消化过程中的微生物群进一步了解。
最后,张无敌研究员对平台管理、合作相关工作安排、其他工作安排三个方面进行了分工安排,其后,尹芳副教授针对实验室中出现的问题进行描述总结。 

Meeting location: Room 318, 3rd Floor, School of Energy and Environmental Sciences, Yunnan Normal University, Chenggong Campus
Meeting time:  9:00 to 17:30, September 1st, 2018 (Saturday) 
Participants: Teachers of Biomass Energy Group,Doctoral student,graduate student, Lao Foreign Students

AM Chairman: Zhang Xu
Report 1 Report on life cycle net energy analysis of fuel ethanol
Speaker: Master Huang Zheng Heng
The report is mainly from five aspects: the brief introduction of fuel ethanol life cycle, the analysis of life cycle net energy, the dynamic analysis of the model and the future development trend. During the discussion, Dr. Yang Bin suggested that the key points of national policy should be supplemented; Dr. Liu Jianfeng pointed out that the life cycle of fuel ethanol made from each raw material is different, so the characteristics of each raw material need to be discussed; Researcher Zhang Wudi pointed out: 1) the difference between fuel ethanol and ethanol. 2. What is the main purpose of the life cycle of fuel ethanol and what conclusions have been reached finally?
Report 2 Experimental study on biogas production potential of Gypsophila paniculata and Dianthus caryophyllus stalk
Speaker: Master Zhou Shuangshuang .
This paper reports the research background, materials and methods, conclusions and the future development of the experiment. During the discussion, Dr. Yang Bin proposed that we should study the parameters in practical engineering, Dr. Wang Changmei suggested that we should pay attention to the format of icons, and researcher Zhang Wudi pointed out that: 1. pay attention to the way of making reports. Second, we should summarize the purpose of the experiment. Third, clear and deep thinking about data analysis. Fourth, there must be a clear conclusion.
Report 3 On the construction of Mengzi pomegranate big data center
Speaker: Master Ding Pengli
The report mainly from the basic situation of Mengzi pomegranate, the overall idea of building a large data center, the work measures of three aspects of the construction of a large data center Mengzi pomegranate in detail. During the discussion, Dr. Wang Changmei put forward the difference between Mengzi and Shaanxi in building big data. Associate Professor Yin Fang pointed out that this report is related to the graduation thesis; Dr Zhao Xingling pointed out that the report is extensive in space without actual data; Dr Liu Jing pointed out that compared with the construction of other large data centers, we should have our own things, and finally further practicality. Zhang unbeatable researcher pointed out: first, we should pay attention to the way of reporting. Second, we must focus on big data.
Report 4 Ethanol production from lignocellulosic materials promoted by non-ionic surfactants
Speaker: Doctor Liu Jing
The report is mainly from the significance of the study, the status of domestic research on cellulose, the technical route of the study and the status of the experiment. During the discussion, Dr. Wang Changmei raised the following questions: the hydrolysis rate of cellulose; Dr. Wu Kai pointed out that the comparison between nonionic surfactants and ionic surfactants should be made; Professor Yin Fang pointed out that the reaction mechanism between cellulase and nonionic surfactants should be explored; and Zhang Wudi, a researcher, pointed out: 1. State clearly. (2) explore the hydrolysates of lignin. The properties and functions of surfactants in the system. Fourth, we should have a deep discussion on the experiment.
PM Chairman: He Mimi
Report 5 Promotion of walnut baking based on biomass hot stove in Yangbi County
Speaker: Master Sun Jieqiong
The report is mainly from the introduction, walnut baking process, 5LQH-1 oven brief introduction, different baking methods of comparative analysis, the 5LQH-1 oven feasibility analysis and promotion program six aspects of a detailed report. During the discussion, Dr. Yang Bin pointed out that the report was inconsistent with the title and had too many words; Dr. Wang Changmei pointed out that the basic research status of biomass energy was not mentioned in the report; Dr. Liu Jing pointed out that the structure schematic diagram of 5LQH-1 oven should be added to the report; Dr. Liu Jianfeng pointed out that the equipment and quality of the new oven should be studied. Zhang unbeatable researcher pointed out: to sort out the article, highlighting the focus of the paper.
Report 6 Experimental study on biogas production from fresh Cinnamomum camphora leaves
Speaker: Doctor Mei Hua
This paper reports in detail the experiment of biogas production from fresh camphor leaves in three aspects: background, materials and methods, and conclusion. During the discussion, researcher Zhang Wudi pointed out that the methane content was too low in the biogas fermentation process, and discussed whether this phenomenon was due to the influence of camphor in the future experimental research.

Chairman: Zheng Pan
Report 7 Study on the change of carbon nitrogen in dry fermentation and anaerobic digestion
Speaker: Master Zhang Zhen
This paper mainly expounds the research background, the characteristics and application of dry fermentation, the effects of nitrogen and carbon on anaerobic digestion. In the discussion, Dr. Liu Jianfeng pointed out: why the loss of carbon and nitrogen in dry fermentation is less than that in wet fermentation; Professor Yin Fang pointed out: the topic is too wide to highlight the key points; Zhang Wudi pointed out: 1. why the horizontal type of dry fermentation technology is larger than the vertical type of volume. C transactions are not in line with the title. 3. The term \"biogas residue compost\" is ambiguous and vague.
Report 8 Progress in hydrogen and methane production by two phase anaerobic digestion
Doctor Jang Jinhe
The principle, background, influencing factors, microbial community and dynamic model of two-phase anaerobic digestion of hydrogen and methane were described in detail. In the discussion, Zhang unbeatable researcher pointed out: (1) methanogens may be more suitable for high temperature fermentation. (2) separating the acid producing phase from the methane producing phase may have an effect on the fermentation system. Further understanding of the microbial community during anaerobic digestion is needed. 
Finally, researcher Zhang Wudi divided the work of platform management, cooperative work arrangement and other work arrangement, and Professor Yin Fang described and summarized the problems in the laboratory.

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